General Collective Agreement Macedonia

December 9, 2020

Unlike trade unions, employers` organizations, with a few exceptions, tend not to fragment. The national representative status is only held by the OEM. In the private sector, the creation of new employers` boards of directors and the achievement of representative status according to the National Classification of Activities (NCA) are of little interest, hampering the collective bargaining process in certain sectors (metallurgy, construction, metallurgy, mining, trade and forestry). Instead of negotiating at the sectoral level, negotiations are being conducted at the employer level. Work done on Saturday or Sunday is defined as work during weekly rest or on weekends. This type of work is paid more than other days` work. The collective agreement regulates the amount of weekend work and is increased by 50% (General Collective Agreement, Article 24). During this period, too, social conflicts in the form of strikes and protests were significantly lower than in the previous period. In 2012, employees of 13 companies with 5,242 participants went on strike for an average of five to six days. In 2017, workers from 7 companies went on strike for an average of two days, with an average of about 990 participants. In 2016, for the first time in Northern Macedonia, 59 conciliators and arbitrators were trained in the peaceful resolution of individual and collective disputes.

No information is available on the number of individual and collective labour disputes that have been resolved in the meantime by conciliators and certified arbitrators. The new collective agreement was signed by Mr. Zivko Mitrevski, President of SIDEMK, Director General of Nacionalni sumi, Mr. Zoran Georgiev and Milutin Ristevski, a member of the demagoguery. The new collective agreement includes 2,500 forestry workers, provides workers with additional social benefits and guarantees workers` rights. The OEM`s employers` organizations have signed eight sectoral collective agreements, four of which have set the minimum wage for textiles, leather and footwear, agriculture and the food industry. The OEM was represented by Resolution 08-2226/5, signed on 14 July 2010.