On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons voted with 230 votes against the Brexit withdrawal agreement the largest vote against the British government in history.  The government may survived a vote of confidence the next day.  On March 12, 2019, the House of Commons voted 149 votes against the agreement, the fourth-biggest defeat of the government in the history of the House of Commons.  A third vote on the Brexit withdrawal agreement, widely expected on 19 March 2019, was rejected by the House of Commons spokesman on 18 March 2019, on the basis of a parliamentary convention of 2 April 1604, which prevented British governments from forcing the House of Commons to vote several times on a subject already voted on by the House of Commons.    An abbreviated version of the withdrawal agreement, in which the annex political statement had been withdrawn, consisted of the test of “substantial amendments,” so that a third vote was held on 29 March 2019, but was rejected by 58 votes.  The British Parliament decides that a further extension of the Date of Brexit is necessary, as it first wants to review the relevant legislation before deciding on the withdrawal agreement. The UK government is then asking the EU to postpone the date of Brexit to 31 January 2020. It was signed “assuming that further agreements could be reached to clarify these aspects,” the spokesman added. The rules for citizens and businesses wishing to move, work or study in another country after the end of the transition period will depend to a large extent on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations on future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom. If an agreement is not reached, the rules and rules must be applied to third countries outside the EU. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month.
Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. This is the third time the British Parliament has rejected the agreement. The UK has until 12 April 2019 to decide what to do next: the agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   The United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement.
Ministers say legislation is needed to prevent “damaging” tariffs on goods travelling from the rest of the UK to Northern Ireland if negotiations with the EU for a free trade agreement fail. One way or another, there are clear ways to disagree.