Gleneagles Agreement Document
Posted on December 9, 2020
In the 1977 Gleneagles Agreement, Commonwealth Presidents and Prime Ministers, as part of their support for the international campaign against apartheid, agreed to end contact and competition between their athletes and sports organizations, teams or individuals in South Africa. The agreement was unanimously approved by the Commonwealth of Nations meeting in Gleneagles, Perthshire, Scotland.  In 1977, Muldoon joined the Gleneagles Agreement, a pact between Commonwealth leaders, to prevent sports contact with South Africa, which at the time had an apartheid policy – a separate development for its black and white citizens. In 1981, however, he refused to prevent a highly controversial tour of New Zealand for the Springbok rugby team in South Africa. This cartoon by Peter Bromhead deplores the resulting damage to New Zealand`s international reputation. The agreement limited South Africa`s ability to compete in international competitions involving sports such as rugby and cricket, which tended to dominate Commonwealth countries, and helped increase international pressure on the regime. “The agreement was a victory for all Commonwealth countries, as they had all agreed to do their best… Breaking the apartheid system in sport,” said British Prime Minister James Callaghan, adding that each country would strive to “maintain and strengthen” the consensus negotiated at the summit. Alexander Turnbull Library Reference: A-322-068 Cartoon by Peter Bromhead Heads of Government particularly welcomed the unanimous belief expressed at their meeting that, given their consultations and agreement, it is unlikely that there will be future significant sporting contacts between Commonwealth countries or their nationals and South Africa.
, while the country continues to follow the abominable policy of apartheid. On this basis, and taking into account their commitments, they welcomed the Commonwealth Games in Edmonton and the continued strengthening of Commonwealth sport in general. . In view of these and other considerations, they have accepted as an urgent duty of each of their governments to vigorously fight the evil of apartheid, withholding all forms of assistance and taking all practical measures to ensure the contact or competition of their nationals with sports organizations, teams or athletes from South Africa or any other country where sport is organized on the basis of race to prevent and take any practical measures to prevent the trafficking of their nationals with sports organisations, teams or athletes from South Africa or any other country where the sport is organized on the basis of race. , colour or ethnic origin. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? Perhaps you have a related experience that you would like to share? The Gleneagles Agreement reaffirmed its commitment to combating racism, as contained in the Singapore Declaration on Commonwealth Principles (1971). This commitment was reinforced by the declaration on racism and racist prejudice adopted by Commonwealth heads of state and government in Lusaka in 1979. The Commonwealth has been a relevant body to ban sport in South Africa, as some of the most popular sports among white South Africans are dominated by Commonwealth member states, such as cricket and the Rugby Union.   They were aware that sport is an important means of developing and promoting understanding between people and, in particular, among young people in all countries.