Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement Section 90
Posted on September 18, 2021
(ii) tax on the domicile in which the income is taxed on the basis of the worker`s residence status. In the absence of a DBAA, an exemption is granted under section 91. According to a 2013 study by Business Europe, double taxation remains a problem for European MFIs and a barrier to cross-border trade and investment.   Problem areas include limiting the deductibility of interest, foreign tax credits, settlement issues, and divergent qualifications or interpretations. Germany and Italy were identified as the Member States where most cases of double taxation occurred. Under the Finance Act 2013, a person is not entitled to relief under the double taxation convention unless he presents a certificate of tax residence with reference to the deduction. To obtain a certificate of tax residence, an application must be submitted to the income tax authorities in Form 10FA (application for a certificate of residence for the purposes of an agreement under sections 90 and 90A of the Income Tax Act 1961). Once the application has been successfully processed, the certificate is issued in Form 10FB. Double taxation refers to the phenomenon of taxing the same income twice. Double taxation of the same income exists when the same income that concerns a person is treated as if it were acquired, obtained or received in more than one country. The article deals with the relief of double taxation under section 90 of the Income Tax Act. The double taxation treaty between India and Singapore currently provides for domicile-based taxation on capital gains from shares in a company. The third protocol provides for the agreement with effect from 1 April 2017, the Commission amended the capital gains tax on the basis of the source of the transfer of shares in a company.
This will reduce revenue losses, avoid double non-taxation and streamline investment flows. In order to provide guarantees to investors, equity investments made before 1 April 2017 were made in accordance with the conditions of the benefit limit clause provided for in the 2005 Protocol. In addition, a transitional period of two years has been provided for, from 1 April 2017 to 31 March 2019, during which capital gains from shares in the country of origin are taxed at half the standard rate, subject to compliance with the conditions laid down in the benefit limitation clause. The main reasons that lead to double taxation for a natural nature are as follows: a DBA (double taxation convention) may require that the tax be levied by the country of residence and that it be exempt in the country where it is created. In other cases, the resident may pay a withholding tax to the country where the income was born and the taxpayer benefits from a compensatory foreign tax credit in the country of residence to reflect the fact that the tax has already been paid. In the first case, the taxpayer (abroad) would declare himself a non-resident. In both cases, the DBA may provide for the two tax authorities to exchange information on these returns. Through this communication between countries, they also have a better view of individuals and companies trying to avoid or evade taxes.  The relief allowed under Article 90/91 is less than that of the following accounts The exemption can only be invoked by the inhabitants of the countries that have concluded the agreement. If residents of other countries wish to benefit from the exemption, they must receive a Tax Residence Certificate (TRC) from the government of that country. The term “double taxation” may also refer to the double taxation of income or activity. .